This is TikiWiki CMS/Groupware v1.9.11 -Sirius- © 2002–2008 by the Tiki community Thu 23 of Nov, 2017 [07:13 UTC]
Menu
Last actions

Who Owns Science

En français

Who owns science?

Two Nobel prize winners (Professor Joseph Stiglitz, Economics 2001 and Professor Sir John E. Sulston, Physiology/Medicine 2002) have posed the above question specially in relation to the way corporations are hampering the progress of science. Both are promoting “the Manchester Manifesto”.  They say that it is now widely recognised that the system of law and practice that has regulated science and protected the rights of those who make scientific discoveries and turn them into products and therapies in a process known as “innovation” is unfit to serve the needs of the contemporary world.

Professor Sulston hits at "moral corruption" of the medical industry and argues for open medicine.

Even our Nomenklatura (номенклату́ра) and their Apparatschiks (аппара́тчик ) realize that innovation has an essential role in economic development of our societies. And, this is more so relevant in the current era of the so called financial crises and austerity. So obstacles put in front of our researchers and scientists are not for the good of the society as a whole.

But the Corporations in their Pathological Pursuit of Profit and Power for small groups of shareholders have derailed science’s progress and directed it for the benefit of the rich and mighty. An important component of the innovation process has been the idea of “ownership” in science and technology. This concept has arisen partly in the context of profiting from research and development, but also has implications for much broader issues such as control of and access to scientific information and products that result from research, in terms of ownership.

Unfortunately, a corporate entity under present law is considered a legal person . But as the University of British Columbia law professor Joel Bakan argues, corporations based upon their personality and characteristics, are  psychopaths.

When professor Joel Bakan put the question regarding the characteristics of corporations to a Psychologist and expert on psychosis, the assessment was as follows.
The Corporation is:

Irresponsible -- it puts others at risk in pursuit of its own goals.
Manipulative --it manipulates peoples opinions in pursuit of its goals
Grandiose -- it is always insisting that it is the best
Reckless -- it refuses to accept responsibility for its actions
Remorseless -- it cannot feel remorse
Superficial -- it relates to others always in a way that does not reflect their true selves
Deceitful-- As indicated by repeated lying, use of aliases, or conning others for profit


Now put this all together, and you have a psychopath.
Would you employ a psychopath or one put in a position of power to run your affaires?

Now, in the medical and pharmaceutical fields currently there are disincentives to early publication and distribution of researched data. Corporations are restricting data and materials sharing both within and across academia and industry; and, there is a reluctance to distribute materials after publication.

The myth they propagate is that IP (Intellectual Property) Rights are as important as our rights in castles, cars and corn oil. The patent laws and restrictions applied are supposedly intended to encourage inventors and the investment needed to bring their products to the clinic and marketplace. In reality, patents often suppress invention rather than promote it.

Patented drugs are "evergreened“  as their patents are on the verge of running out – companies buy up the patents of potential rivals in order to prevent them being turned into actual products. Moreover, the prices charged, especially for pharmaceuticals, are often grossly in excess of those required to cover costs and make reasonable profits.

For example, it is estimated that some 20% of individual human genes have been patented already or have been filed for patenting.

As a result, research on certain genes is largely restricted to the corporations that hold the patents, and tests involving them are marketed at prohibitive prices.

Well, these patent restrictions are not paving the way for the scientists to freely innovate and bring us out of the financial crises. The red tapes of patents are blocking the path of progress of research in our universities. Our leaders are not so mindful of the benefits university education brings to our societies. By tripling university fees in the UK, for an example, they are positively discouraging education.

In the meantime, by allowing Corporations to shed top research jobs they are not helping the innovation and creating the possibilities to come out of the crises. The Royal Society of Chemistry estimates that 6,000 jobs have gone over the past 12 months at drugs and science firms. Pfizer, has decided to shut down its biggest UK research laboratory with the loss of 2400 top scientists in the field.

Meanwhile, UK Uncut, a protest group started in October 2010 to protest against tax avoidance in the UK and to raise awareness about cuts to public services, has been organizing several public demonstrations.

The pattern of Corporate interference may be traced to inside of our own Institutions, where assistants who want to become administrators via the Certification procedure find that a degree from an accredited university is a real obstacle. The European Administrative School, where the Institutions train assistants who are in line for promotion is not academically accredited, of course.

Reza Fardoom,
SID Secretary


Professor Joseph StiglitzProfessor Sir John E. SulstonProfessor Joel Bakan


References: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14

Created by: admin last modification: Monday 02 of July, 2012 [15:20:24 UTC] by admin

wiki page: IP laws stop SMEs create jobs and prosperity for us all · Cutting Eurostat 01 · Fed EU EN 01 · Fed EU FR 01 · Bad News from Commission · A qui appartient la science ? · Who Owns Science · How many IT jobs are to be lost as a result of Cloud Computing madness · Less money on the table for our next METHOD · French pensions are in the news · Corporations versus Citizens; Profit before People · financial crisis part 2 of 3 · financial crisis part 3 of 3 · The corporation the pathological pursuit of profit and power part 10 · The corporation the pathological pursuit of profit and power part 11 · The corporation the pathological pursuit of profit and power part 12 · The corporation the pathological pursuit of profit and power part 13 · The corporation the pathological pursuit of profit and power part 14 · The corporation the pathological pursuit of profit and power part 15 · The corporation the pathological pursuit of profit and power part 16 · The corporation the pathological pursuit of profit and power part 17 · The corporation the pathological pursuit of profit and power part 18 of 24 · The corporation the pathological pursuit of profit and power part 19 of 24 · The corporation the pathological pursuit of profit and power part 20 of 24 · The corporation the pathological pursuit of profit and power part 21 of 24 · The corporation the pathological pursuit of profit and power part 22 of 24 · The corporation the pathological pursuit of profit and power part 23 of 24 · The corporation the pathological pursuit of profit and power part 24 of 24 · The corporation the pathological pursuit of profit and power part 3 · The corporation the pathological pursuit of profit and power part 4 · The corporation the pathological pursuit of profit and power part 5 · The corporation the pathological pursuit of profit and power part 6 · The corporation the pathological pursuit of profit and power part 7 · The corporation the pathological pursuit of profit and power part 8 · The corporation the pathological pursuit of profit and power part 9 · The corporation the Pathological Pursuit of Profit and Powert part 2 · financial crisis part 1 of 3 · Corporations ·

Current events
Powered by Tikiwiki Powered by PHP Powered by Smarty Powered by ADOdb Made with CSS Powered by RDF
RSS Wiki RSS Maps rss Calendars
Powered by Tikiwiki CMS/Groupware | Installed by SimpleScripts